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(a) Labour Market Opinion (LMO) Program:  A Recruitment Tool for Immediate Labour Needs

This program results in a work permit for the worker.  It is a two stage process, starting with an application for a labour market opinion from Service Canada.  This is much easier and faster than it was in the past due to shortages of workers.  Once an LMO is granted the second stage is to get the work permit which can take about three to four months. LMO’s can be for skilled jobs or unskilled jobs and fall into following three groups:

    • E-LMO’s (Expedited Labour Market Opinions):  These require the employer to be in business for one year and to have at least one pay roll employee for one year.  Advertisement requirements for Canadians are minimal.  The occupations are quite limited, about 24 and can be found on the Service Canada’s website.They are mostly in construction and tourism and the LMO processing is in five working days.

    • OUPS List (Occupation under Pressure):  British Columbia and Alberta have long list and Ontario has a short one.  If the job is on this list, advertising is minimal.  LMO processing is about three weeks in British Columbia and shorter in other provinces.

    • Other Occupations:  Advertisement is required for two weeks, then LMO processing is three weeks in British Columbia, shorter in other provinces.  Unskilled jobs require a contract and payment for air fare, a two year work permit is issued and it cannot be extended.  Skilled job offers do not require a contract, work permit or for one year and often the family can accompany and the spouse can work and children go to school.                                                      
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